2018 (vol. 28) - Number 4

*T. Kaczorek:*

A new method for computation of positive realizations of fractional linear continuous-time systems

*A. Biswas, A. Sarkar:*

Development of dual hesitant fuzzy prioritized operators based on Einstein operations with their application to multi-criteria group decision making

*L. Li, R. Zhang, J. Wang, X. Shang:*

Some q-orthopair linguistic Heronian mean operators with their application to multi-attribute group decision making

*J. Duda:*

Lyapunov matrices approach to the parametric optimization of a system with two delays and a PD controller

*M. Lhous, M. Rachik, El M. Magri:*

Ideal observability for bilinear discrete-time systems with and without delays in observation

*P.T. Anh, A. Babiarz, A. Czornik, M. Niezabitowski:*

Variation of constant formulas for fractional difference equations

*K. Bingi, R. Ibrahim, M. Noh Karsiti, S. Miya Hassan, V. Rajah Harindran:*

A comparative study of 2DOF PID and 2DOF fractional order PID controllers on a class of unstable systems

ACS Abstract:

**2003 (Volume 13)**

Number 4

**Robot controller with a self-measurement capability enabling the identification of friction**

Adam Wozniak, Wojciech Szynkiewicz and Cezary Zielinski(Warsaw University of Technology, Poland) |

**keywords:** robot controller, servomechanism, friction model, identification.

**The interval parabolic system**

Krzysztof Oprzedkiewicz(University of Mining and Metallurgy, Poland) |

**keywords:** interval systems, parabolic systems,the exponential stability.

**On controllability and minimum energy control of linear positive systems with delays**

Beata Sikora(Silesian University of Technology, Poland) |

**keywords:** positive dynamical systems, delay systems, relative controllability, admissible control, minimum energy control.

**Active control of circular plate vibration by using piezoceramic actuators**

Lucyna Leniowska and Ryszard Leniowski(University of Rzesz?w, Poland) |

**keywords:** active vibration control, feedback control, piezoceramic transducers, identification methods.

**Multivariable robust control applied to steering of three ship's velocities**

Witold Gierusz(Gdynia Maritime University, Poland) |

**keywords:** training ship, simulation model, multivariable system, robust control, real-time steering.

**Hierarchical control in a large scale stochastic system with nonclassical information structure**

Zdzislaw Duda and Witold Brandys(Silesian University of Technology, Poland) |

**keywords:** large scale system, stochastic system, decentralized control, optimal control.

**Errors of elementary floating-point operations in control algorithms**

Zbigniew Swider(Technical University of Rzeszow, Poland) |

*b*denotes the number of mantissa bits. Error of Euler rectangular integrator , commonly used in digital controllers, is evaluated as well. For small sampling step the error depends primarily on precision of the addition executed by the integrator. Increase of the precision used in some small controllers is also considered. The results are verified for first-order transfer function subject to white noise, sinusoidal and constant-plus-noise inputs.

**keywords:** floating-point arithmetic, roundoff errors, delta-operator, stochastic systems.

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